Syllabus of Class 11th Physics NCERT

Class 11th Physics Syllabus

Syllabus of Class 11th Physics NCERT – Before starting any exam preparation one should know its syllabus (Syllabus For Class 11 Class XI Physics). By preparing according to the syllabus, no chapter of the course is missed and the preparation is done well. Study schedule can be made from the syllabus.
Syllabus Salient features of the syllabus include

Benefit of Syllabus

1. Knowing the syllabus of any course gives an accurate idea of ​​the topics and concepts to be covered in it.

2. Syllabus gives an idea of ​​the weightage of marks for each topic. With this, better preparation can be done for the course accordingly.

Syllabus of Class 11th Physics NCERT





Physical World and Measurement



Physical World



Units and Measurements






Motion in a Straight Line



Motion in a Plane



Laws of Motion



Laws of Motion



Work, Energy and Power



Work, Energy and Power



Motion of System of Particles



System of Particles and Rotational Motion









Properties of Bulk Matter



Mechanical Properties of Solids



Mechanical Properties of Fluids



Thermal Properties of Matter









Kinetic Theory Gases



Kinetic Theory



Oscillation and Waves













NCERT Class 11 Physics Theory Syllabus (Total Periods: 180)

Unit I: Physical World and Measurement (Periods 10)
  • Physics: Scope and excitement.
  • nature of physical laws.
  • Physics, technology and society.
  • Need for measurement.
  • Units of measurement; systems of units.
  • SI units, fundamental and derived units.
  • Length, mass and time measurements.
  • errors in measurement; significant figures.
Unit II: Kinematics (Periods 30)
  • Frame of reference.
  • Motion in a straight line.
  • Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion.
  • Average speed and instantaneous velocity.
  • Uniformly accelerated motion.
  • Velocity time and position-time graphs.
  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.
  • Scalar and vector quantities.
  • Position and displacement vectors.
  • General vectors and notation.
  • Equality of vectors.
  • Multiplication of vectors by a real number.
  • Addition and subtraction of vectors.
  • Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors.
  • Resolution of a vector in a plane – rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors.
  • Motion in a plane.
  • Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion (Periods 16)
  • Intuitive concept of force.
  • Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion.
  • Momentum and Newton’s second.
  • Law of motion.
  • Newton’s third law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
  • Static and kinetic friction.
  • Laws of friction.
  • Rolling friction.
  • Lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion.
  • Centripetal force.
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power (Periods 16)
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force.
  • Kinetic energy.
  • Work-energy.
  • Theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy.
  • Potential energy of a spring.
  • Conservative forces.
  • Conservation of mechanical.
  • Energy (kinetic and potential energies).
  • Non-conservative forces.
  • Motion in a vertical circle.
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body (Periods 18)
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system.
  • Momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
  • Centre of mass of a rigid body.
  • Centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies.
  • Rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion.
  • Comparison of linear and rotational motions.
  • Moment of inertia.
  • Radius of gyration.
  • Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects.
  • Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Unit VI: Gravitation (Periods 14)
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.
  • The universal law of gravitation.
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its.
  • variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy.
  • Gravitational potential.
  • Escape velocity.
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite.
  • Geostationary satellites.
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (Periods 28)
  • Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship.
  • Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear.
  • modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
  • Pressure due to a fluid column.
  • Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law.
  • Terminal velocity.
  • Streamline and turbulent flow.
  • Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion.
  • Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics (Periods 12)
  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics).
  • Heat, work and internal energy.
  • First law of thermodynamics.
  • Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics.
  • Reversible and irreversible processes.
  • Heat engines and refrigerators.
Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory (Periods 8)
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas.
  • work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure.
  • Kinetic energy and temperature.
  • Speed of gas molecules.
  • Law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases.
  • Concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (Periods 28)
  • Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Periodic functions.
  • Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation.
  • Phase; oscillations of a spring – restoring force and force constant.

PRACTICALS Total (Periods 60)

Section A


1. To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body using Vernier callipers.
2. To measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier callipers and hence find its volume.
3. To measure diameter of a given wire using screw gauge.
4. To measure thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
5. To measure volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.
6. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
7. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
8. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.
9. Using a simple pendulum, plot L-T and L-T2 graphs. Hence find the effective length of a second’s pendulum using appropriate graph.
10. To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
11. To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination (θ) by plotting graph between force and sin θ.


1. To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g. 0.2 cm, 0.5 cm.
2. To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments.
3. To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.
4. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.
5. To study the variation in the range of a jet of water with the angle of projection.
6. To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
7. To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

Section B


1. To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
2. To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
3. To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
4. To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
5. To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
6. To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
7. To determine specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid (ii) liquid, by method of mixtures.
8. (i) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer.
(ii) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.
9. To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.


1. To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
2. To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi metallic strip.
3. To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
4. To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
5. To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
6. To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped meter scale loaded at (i) at its end (ii) in the middle.


  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of content.
  • Promoting process-skills, problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics concepts/content, useful in real-life situations for making Physics learning more relevant, meaningful and interesting.
  • Emphasis on use of SI Units, Symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
  • Emphasis on Physics-related technological/industrial aspects to cope up with changing demand of society committed to the use of Physics, technology and informatics.
  • Providing logical sequencing of the ‘Units’ of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkages for better learning and matching the concepts/content with comprehension level of the learners.
  • Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline of Physics or with other disciplines; reducing the descriptive portion and providing suitable formulation/depth of treatment appropriate to the comprehension level of learners, making room for contemporary core – topics and emerging curricular areas in Physics.

NCERT Class 11 Physics Syllabus FAQ

How many chapters are there in physics of class 11th?

There are a total of 10 units which are further divided into 15 chapters in Class 11 Physics of NCERT.

Is physics hard in class 11?

Yes, class 11 Physics syllabus is considered as the toughest of all the subjects by various students.

How many hours should I study in class 11 science?

11th students should study for at least 6 hours to score good marks. You should not study continuously. Taking a break after some time during studies remains interested in reading it.


Syllabus of Class 11th Physics NCERT